A gynecologist evaluates patients’ symptoms and recommends treatment options for irregular periods. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS), thyroid conditions, birth control methods, stress and other conditions related to the reproductive system may cause irregular periods. Medical intervention or treatment is possible. Treatment may be especially important if you are trying to become pregnant.
Conditions Causing Irregular Periods
- Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS): PCOS is a common condition in many women. Women with PCOS may have small fluid-filled sacs in the ovaries. This can cause painful and excessive menstruation.
- Thyroid conditions: Thyroid disorders can alter your body’s hormonal balance, which can lead to irregular menstrual periods. A simple blood test may reveal abnormal levels of thyroid hormone.
- Birth control: Hormonal contraceptives, such as “The Pill,” can cause spotting between periods. Also, some women who use an intrauterine device (IUD) for birth control may experience heavy or painful bleeding. (This type of bleeding is not associated with a menstrual period.)
- Lifestyle: Lifestyle factors such as stress, extreme weight gain or loss, and excessive exercise can cause irregular periods.
There are many other conditions that can cause irregular periods. If you’re experiencing heavy or irregular bleeding or periods that are too frequent or too far apart, let your women’s health provider know. Treatments are available for irregular periods. Learn more below.
Treatments for Irregular Periods
Depending on the cause of your irregular bleeding, your women’s health provider may recommend lifestyle changes as a first step toward treatment. Losing weight (if overweight), regular exercise, and stress reduction may improve your symptoms.
- Birth control pills: While hormonal contraceptives are the cause of abnormal bleeding in some women, they can help regulate menstrual periods in other women.
- Thyroid medications: If a thyroid disorder is the cause of your irregular period, then your physician may prescribe a hormonal therapy to restore healthy hormonal balance. Once this balance is restored, irregular periods should resolve.
- Endometrial ablation: This in-office procedure is sometimes used to treat irregular periods in women who experience excessive bleeding.
To learn more about the treatment options that may be available to you through Rocky Mountain Women’s Health Center, please contact us.