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7 Reasons for Abnormal Uterine Bleeding

Abnormal uterine bleeding can cause emotional and physical stress. A menstrual flow that occurs every 21 to 35 days is considered normal. If you are bleeding outside of that time frame, your flow is considered abnormal. If you are bleeding within that time frame but soaking more than one pad every hour for several consecutive hours, you have abnormal uterine bleeding.

abnormal uterine bleeding utah

Following are seven of the most common reasons for abnormal uterine bleeding:

1. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common hormonal disorder that causes the ovaries to become enlarged, and small cysts to form on the edges. Besides having irregular bleeding, women with this condition may be overweight, have acne, experience fertility problems and have excessive hair growth on the face and body.

2. Hormonal Imbalance

Other types of hormonal imbalances, including hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism, can cause abnormal bleeding. When the body is producing too much of the thyroid hormone (hyper) or too little (hypo), studies have shown it can disrupt the menstrual cycle.

3. Problem Pregnancy

If you are pregnant and experiencing any type of spotting, this is considered abnormal uterine bleeding and you should be evaluated by your physician right away. It can indicate an ectopic pregnancy or a miscarriage.

4. Medication Side Effect

Oral contraceptives can interfere with regular menstrual cycles, especially within the first three months of starting the prescription, and can alter your normal flow or cause bleeding in between periods.

5. IUD Side Effect

Women with an intrauterine device (IUD) are more likely to experience abnormal bleeding. Often it causes a heavier flow during their period, especially as their body adjusts within the first three months of insertion.

6. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an infection that can affect your uterus, fallopian tubes, cervix or ovaries. It typically is generated from a previous bacterial infection like gonorrhea. It must be treated immediately in order to prevent scar tissue from developing, otherwise infertility may result.

7. Polyps, Fibroids, Growths

Uterine fibroids or polyps on your cervix could cause changes in your menstrual flow or bleeding in between cycles. While most women fear that this means they have cancer, many uterine growths are noncancerous. If they are causing infertility issues or any other health problems, they may be able to be removed.

Talk to Your Doctor

When you visit your doctor, they will conduct a full physical examination of your whole-body health and your pelvic organs. Share your concerns with them, communicate your symptoms in detail and trust their professional medical advice. Abnormal uterine bleeding shouldn’t be ignored, and you shouldn’t have to handle it alone. Call Rocky Mountain Women’s Health Center today to set up an appointment.

Sean Jerig on sablinkedin
Sean Jerig
OB/GYN at Davis Hospital
Dr. Jerig is an OB/GYN at Rocky Mountain Women's Health Centers in Layton, Utah. His areas of expertise include regular and high-risk pregnancies, infertility and pregnancy planning, menopause, uterine bleeding, and minimally invasive surgeries.

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